TOURISM’S impact on destinations far outweighs its negative effects, a Travel Foundation study has found.
The findings are a first for the industry that until now has seen travel and tourism measured chiefly in arrivals and their estimated impact on value – or otherwise – to the economy.
The Travel Foundation study – conducted with Tui Group and business services and consultancy firm PwC in Cyprus –used a method known as TIMM (Total Impact Measurement and Management) for quantifying impacts not only on the economy and taxation but also on the environment and destination communities.
The study took in eight mainstream hotels catering to 60,000 visitors, or 2.5% of the annual total to #Cyprus. The purpose was to assess the full impact of tourism and to enable comparisons between impacts in different areas, so that decision-makers could compare ‘alternative strategies’.
It calculated the total economic impact of visitors to the hotels at an average €59 (£42) per customer per night. The tax impact was an additional €25 (£18) per night – about one-third of this in direct taxation.
By contrast, the environmental cost was €4 (£2.86) per customer per night, with greenhouse gas emissions accounting for €2.50 (£1.80), despite flights being excluded from the study.
Waste was the second-biggest environmental cost, with hotels producing 1.8kg (3.96lbs) of waste per customer a night, compared with 1.4kg (3lbs) for the average Cyprus resident – despite the hotels recycling more than domestic residents.
However, the suppliers to hotels and businesses serving tourists outside the hotels were found to generate 14 times as much waste – an average of 25kg (55lbs) per customer every day.
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